CNN - When a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck Nepal in April 2015, it killed well over 8,000 people and turned much of the country into a disaster zone. 17 days later, as recovery operations were getting established, a 7.3 magnitude quake caused further destruction. In the desolation, chaos and widespread panic that followed, a surge in child trafficking was inevitable.
America's Child Labor Secret
November 13th, 1909 marks the anniversary of the Cherry Mine Disaster in Illinois, when an estimated 259 coal miners lost their lives to fire and the buildup of toxic gases. The St. Paul Coal Company Mine in Cherry was hailed by its consulting engineer as the â€śsafest mine in the world.â€ť
In Trapped: The 1909 Cherry Mine Disaster, author Karen Tintori chronicled the Cherry Mine Disaster and the four child miners who lost their lives. They had been hired illegally. The St. Paul Coal Company pled guilty to nine counts of child labor law violations and was fined a total of $630.
The Breaker Boys
India's Economy is based on Child Labor
Department of Labor: In 2014, India made a moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The Government implemented its National Child Labor Project to assist child laborers through the provision of loans and alternative livelihoods, and several social protection programs to address the root causes of child labor. The Ministry of Home Affairs also launched an online human trafficking portal to coordinate efforts of state and national government agencies. However, children in India are engaged in child labor, including in agriculture and manufacturing. Basic legal protections for children remain weak. Legislation to prohibit work by all children under the age of 14 and to proscribe hazardous work for children under age 18 was approved by the Prime Minister's Cabinet in 2012, but it has yet to be passedby Parliament.
Child Labor in India
- CNN: Natural Disaster = Child Labor, Trafficking
- Changing Approach to Shelter
- Internal Migration in a Post-Disaster Society
- America's Secret Coal Mining and Child Labor
- United Nations: Human Rights
- Department of Labor: Child Labor Across India's Economy
- India's Labor Force: +12 million children working
- Child Labor in India: A Poverty of Schools